Basic vocabulary and key concepts
Here you will find the most used research keywords in this website and a small vocabulary introducing some basic concepts behind research focused on gender and education.
Compared to biological sex, gender is socially constructed. It refers to the cultural and social conceptions that have traditionally been associated with masculinity and femininity in a society.
Gender is produced in everyday life in actions and speech. Assumptions, prejudice and perceptions associated with different genders can however be challenged and changed. Gender sensitive educators understand this and challenge the traditional gender stereotypes.
The assumption that people fall into distinct male and female gender categories and that hererosexuality is the only sexual orientation. These assumptions are expressed in media and everyday society, often subtly.
There are various social categories or identities, such as race, gender, sexuality, class, religion, disability and other categories. Together these create a specific kind of systemic oppression and discrimination experienced by an individual. Intersectional research takes this as a starting point.
Norms are assumptions of what people are and what they should be. They control who are visible and get their voices heard, and who are left outside. Norms are often unspoken and sometimes hidden.
With norm criticism the goal is to make space for everyone. It challenges assumptions about what people should be and makes norms visible. Norm criticism is a way towards equality.